According to the information provided by the Ministry of Energy and Water Resources of the Republic of Tajikistan, Tajikistan has huge resources of drinking water and water resources play a significant role in ensuring the sustainable development of its economy.
Currently, water resources are the main source of energy production, and 95% of Tajikistan's electricity is generated by hydropower plants. Over the 60% of all freshwater resources in Central Asia are formed on the territory of the Republic of Tajikistan.
There are about 947 rivers in the country, the total length of which is 28,500 km. Amu-Darya and Sir-Darya are the largest and main rivers of the republic. The Amu-Darya basin is formed from the confluence of the waters of the Pyanj, Vakhsh, Kafernigan and Surkhob rivers. There are more than 350 hydroelectric power plants in all the rivers of the country, which is an indicator of the rich renewable energy potential of Tajikistan. In this regard, Tajikistan is recognized as a pilot country in the UN Sustainable Energy for All Program.
In terms of hydropower resources, Tajikistan has huge energy resources with a capacity of 527 billion kWh annually and thus takes the first place in the world. According to official statistics, the average annual electricity production in the Republic of Tajikistan, produced mainly by hydroelectric power plants, is 17 billion kWh. 95 percent of the country's electricity is produced in hydroelectric power plants, including 94 percent in large and small hydropower plants.
"The construction of power plants and transmission lines will contribute to sustainable development and improving the living standards not only of the people of Tajikistan but also the entire region," - said the President of Tajikistan His Excellency Emomali Rahmon during his speech at the High Forum of Developing Countries Prone to Drought in the city of New York USA, in September 2015.
During 29 years of independence of Tajikistan, around 25 investment projects in the field of hydropower were implemented with the attraction of US $ 2.4 billion, which led to positive results in this area. “The most important achievements of the sector are the commissioning of new power generation capacities, such as Sangtuda-1 (670 MW), Sangtuda-2 (220 MW), Dushanbe-2 (400 MW) and small hydropower plants (30 MW) with a total capacity of 1320 MW, construction of 500 kV substations "Dushanbe-500", "Sughd-500", "Closed 500 kV gas distribution unit at Norak", 500 kV transmission line “South-North”, two 500 kV transmission lines from Rogun HPP to “Dushanbe-500” substation, 220 kV substations “Lolazor”, “Khatlon”, “Ayni”, “Shahristan”, “Shahrinav”, “Geran- 2 », «Closed 220 kV switchgear at Norak HPP and Qairoqqum HPP and 220 kV power transmission lines «Lolazor - Khatlon», «Tajikistan - Afghanistan», «Khujand - Ayni», «Qairoqqum». "Asht", "Geran-Rumi", "Qairoqqum-Sughd" and "Aini-Rudaki". According to the forecast of the National Development Strategy, Tajikistan intends to increase its energy capacity to 10 thousand megawatts by 2030. These measures are aimed not only at the short-term development of independent Tajikistan but also at improving the energy supply of the region.
According to the National Development Strategy of the Republic of Tajikistan, Tajikistan intends to increase its energy capacity to 10 thousand megawatts by 2030. These measures are aimed not only at the bright present and future of independent Tajikistan but also at improving the energy security of the region.
In addition to the fact that the rivers of Tajikistan form the basis for the country's hydropower capacity, one of their peculiarities is that the water of all rivers has been recognized as drinking water according to global standards. For this reason, on the initiative of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan His Excellency Emomali Rahmon at the UN General Assembly, 2003 became the "International Year of Clean Water", 2005-2015 the International Decade of Action "Water for Life", 2013 the "International Year of Cooperation" in the water sector " and finally 2018-2028 declared the International Decade of Action" Water for Sustainable Development "