Diplomatic relations between the Republic of Tajikistan and Canada was established on January 1, 1992.
The Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Canada in the Republic of Tajikistan (with residence in Almaty) is Stephen Millar. The Ambassador handed his credentials to the President of Tajikistan on 23 November, 2009.
Cooperation of Tajikistan with Canada now is under ways through the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) programs which are directed at the field of agricultural production, public health services and education. Basically the Canadian Agency operates in Tajikistan through the Agha-Khan Network.
In the framework of unofficial meeting of G8 on Afghanistan on June 26, 2009 in Trieste Minister of Foreign Affairs Mr. Hamrokhon Zarifi met with his counterpart – Minister of Foreign Affairs of Canada Lawrence Cannon. During the meeting parties discussed the bilateral Tajik-Canadian relations, cooperation of the two countries within the framework of international organizations, the Tajik and Canadian initiatives related to ensuring peace and security in Afghanistan and its economic rehabilitation.
The Canadian side is financing a demining project in Tajikistan as well as implementing a project for supporting hearing-impaired and mute people.
On May 13, 2005 the Memorandum of Mutual Understanding between the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Tajikistan and the Ministry of National Defense of Canada in sphere of military preparation of Armed Forces of the Republic of Tajikistan in Canada has been signed. Since 2005 the Tajik militaries have been trained at the Military Schools of Canada within the framework of the program of assistance in the military preparation, organized by the Armed Forces of Canada.
On 27-30 May, 2013 Tajikistan visited by the Senior Analyst of the International Secretariat Ratings of the Canadian Prime Minister Dr. Helen Belopolskiy. During this visit, Dr. Helen Belopolski met with the Director of the Agency for Drug Control under the President of the Republic of Tajikistan Mr. Rustam Nazarov.
The volume of trade between the Republic of Tajikistan and Canada was 1756.5 thousand US dollars in 2013. The import made 1751.7 thousand USD and export was 4.8 thousand USD.