The ICRC started working in Tajikistan in 1992 and opened a delegation in Dushanbe in January 1993. On 14 June 2003, a headquarters agreement was signed between the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan and the ICRC. In October 2016 Ms. Claudia Azzolini was appointed Head of the ICRC Mission in Tajikistan.
In September 2013, with the consent of Tajik authorities, the ICRC AFS office was opened in Dushanbe for the support of the humanitarian operations in Afghanistan.
To help mine victims in Tajikistan, in 2012 the ICRC initiated a sustainable victim assistance programme "Micro Economic Initiatives (MEI)" assisting the most vulnerable families of mine victims, who are willing to create or develop a small family business.
Since 2010, the ICRC helps to increase the capacity of the medical structures to react to emergencies. The ICRC has been organising specialised seminars for surgeon practitioners as well as Emergency Room Trauma courses for the medical doctors from the Ministry of Health as well Emergency Situations Committee.
The ICRC MoveAbility foundation provides technical support, consultations, sponsorship for training of the staff as well as provides equipment and machinery support for the Orthopaedic Centre in Dushanbe and its brunches in Khujand and Kulob.
The ICRC has supported the National Centre of Legislation under the President of Republic of Tajikistan to conduct a study comparing domestic legislation with norms of international law on the rights of missing persons and their families.
The ICRC promotes International Humanitarian Law (IHL) and other humanitarian norms among the authorities, the armed and law enforcement bodies and youth, including universities. The ICRC regularly organizes international, regional and national IHL events for government officials to facilitate the implementation of IHL provisions at the domestic level.