On December 14, 2022, at the 77th session of the United Nations General Assembly, a resolution was unanimously adopted to declare the “International Year of Glaciers’ Preservation, 2025”, introduced by the Republic of Tajikistan. It is inherently unique, as it simultaneously declares both the International Day and the International Year of Glaciers’ Preservation. The recent initiative of the Founder of Peace and National Unity - Leader of the Nation, President of the Republic of Tajikistan H.E. Emomali Rahmon has been adopted with the support of 153 UN member states.
It should be emphasized that in March 2021, during the first meeting of the Water and Climate Coalition Leaders, the Leader of the Nation, President of the Republic of Tajikistan H.E. Emomali Rahmon talked about the rapid melting of glaciers along with an increase in water consumption, which depends on population growth and economic development, may have serious and negative consequences.
In this regard, the President of the country in order to raise awareness of this important issue, proposed to declare 2025 as the International Year of Glaciers’ Preservation, also to determine the International Day of Glaciers’ Preservation and to establish a special trust fund in support of activities for glaciers’ preservation.
It is gratifying that on the basis of this resolution, the following proposals submitted by the President of the country were supported by the UN member states:
- Declaration of March 21 as the International Day of Glaciers’ Preservation;
- Declaration of 2025 as the International Year of Glaciers’ Preservation;
- Establishment of a UN Trust Fund in support of activities for glaciers’ preservation;
- In 2025, convening the International Conference on Glacier’s Preservation in Dushanbe.
The above-mentioned resolution notes the importance of glaciers as a component of the hydrological cycle and that the current accelerated melting and retreat of glaciers has severe impacts on the climate, environment, human health and sustainable development. This document also notes that the impact of global warming has led to the widespread shrinking of the cryosphere which has decreased the stability of high mountain areas and changed the amount and seasonality of run-off and water resources in snow dominated and glacier-fed river basins.
A large number of co-sponsors of the resolution once again testify that the international community has full confidence for the initiatives and contributions of the Republic of Tajikistan in addressing global challenges.