Realization of the economic and humanitarian components of cooperation between UN and the Government of Tajikistan is carried out through the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Tajikistan. The UNDP Representation in Tajikistan was established in December 1993, in the same year the agreement between the Government of Tajikistan and UNDP, which established a legal framework for organization activities, was signed. The framework agreement originally approved for the period 1999-2000 and further prolonged until 2004, then the previous stage of cooperation between Tajikistan and UNDP determined with the new program for the country in 2005 2009, which was an integral part of the concept of providing assistance to Tajikistan.
Later, the cooperation was established in accordance with the United Nations Development Action Framework (UNDAF) for the 2010-2015 and the Country Programme Action Plan (CPAP) for the 2010-2015, which were signed on December 16, 2009.
The responsibility of UNDP and other UN organizations aimed at achieving the strategic priorities of the country is really felt in all stages of cooperation. These priorities are reflected in two important documents adopted by the UN and UNDP, namely the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) for 2016-2020 and the UNDP Country Program for 2016-2020. The UNDAF program (2016-2020) is concentrated in four strategic areas, and its main goal is to achieve a high level of social and economic development in the country. This strategy is based on the following: changing the social structure of the country in favor of the middle stratum of the population, reducing the economic disparity of the population, implementing innovative development based on the modern development of science and technology, rational use of energy resources inside and outside the country, providing a broad transport network, including development transport corridor between the regions, the development of Tajikistan's aviation by establishing regional centers and reducing regional disparities, ensuring e favorable conditions for human development and so on.
At the same time, UNDP plays an important role in strengthening the country's capacity and resources, expanding its capacity to achieve development goals in the framework of its international commitments, including in the context of the Declaration on Sustainable Development, the National Development Strategy of Tajikistan and medium-term reduction programs poverty and welfare.
Since 2016 the UNDP Office in Tajikistan has been headed by Ms. Pratibha Mehta.